Reflective questioning is an alternative approach to educating and informing mothers. While the goal of
educating and informing is to increase knowledge; the goal of reflective questioning is to empower mothers
to use knowledge for their personal benefit.
The World Bank defines empowerment as the ability to make choices and transform those choices into desired
actions and outcomes. A good reflective question begins a conversation that leads the mother through a process
of getting from information to action to outcome. A reflective conversation opens opportunity for the mother to
think about and articulate:
1) What she wants (If this pregnancy turned out perfectly, what would it look like?);
2) What she's got (What have you tried? How have you been able to cope? How is that working for you? What's
missing? Who can help? Since you've been pregnant, how are you stronger?)
3) What's next (You say you're at 3 now, what will it take to get to 4? What might be a first step? How will you
know you're ready?)
As one parent educator explained, "Parents have their own answers. We just need to ask questions to get them
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